Second court challenge filed against Canada's discriminatory prostitution laws, by sex workers and allies, August 2007
Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic 1904
International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic 1910
Covenant of the League of Nations 1919
League of Nations Convention on the Traffic in Women and Children 1921
Report of the Special Body of Experts on Traffic in Women and Children 1927
International Convention for the Suppression of Traffic of Women of Full Age 1933
League of nations Draft Convention 1937
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea
United Nations Agencies and Documents
Regional and National
Corrigan and Donohoe: Regulatory Approaches to Prostitution – Comparing Sweden, Denmark, and Nevada, USA. Effects of different legal and regulatory effects on sex workers, focusing on human rights and social justice. Public Health & Social Justice: Women’s Health 2008 (Word)
Meretrix, que multorum libidini patet
In human government those who are in authority rightly tolerate certain evils, lest certain goods be lost, or certain evils be incurred: thus Augustine says [De Ordine 2:4]: 'If you do away with harlots, the world will be convulsed with lust.'"
St Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica 2-2.10.11.
Those who stimulate the appeal to harry prostitutes…are none of them supposed to be the victims of sexual obsession. Yet they probably suffer more in this way than do writers who advocate greater sexual expression. Fierce morality is generally a reaction against lustful emotions, and the man who gives expression to it is generally filled with indecent thoughts.
Bertrand Russell. Marriage and Morals 1929, p225
Prostitutes, male or female, were entitled to the same protection of the law as any other citizen. They have their human dignity and their privacy and ought not unconsensually to have that invaded by fellow citizens.
Kirby J; R v. Leary  BC 9302383 Supreme Court of NSW; Court of Criminal Appeal CCA 060254/93, 8th October 1993, unreported
“Prostitutes and drug addicts are entitled to the same protection of the criminal law as any other person in society…Prostitutes are especially vulnerable to assault and must have the same protections that are given other women in society…The law owes them a duty to ensure that they receive the same protection as other women”
Corbett J; R v. Martens
My biggest surprise in doing this research was how incredibly articulate these women in the industry were. People obviously assume women wouldn’t make the choice to go into prostitution but I found these women are from every walk of life. Some women were sex workers only on weekends with regular out-of-town clients. They’re moms, artists, lawyers, nurses, police officers and teachers. You would have no idea if you had one of them living next door to you.
Dr Michael Goodyear,
For any problems, please contact: email@example.com
 “Women in
 Amended 1910, 1948. Consolidated into 1949 Convention
“Whoever, in order to gratify the passions of another person, has procured, enticed, or led away, even with her consent, a woman or girl under age, for immoral purposes, shall be punished …” (Art 1)
“Whoever, in order to gratify the passions of another person, has, by fraud, or by means of violence, threats, abuse of authority, or any other method of compulsion, procured, enticed, or led away a woman or girl over age, for immoral purposes, shall also be punished …” (Art 2).
 Amended 1948. Consolidated into 1949 Convention
 Article 23 (c) deals with traffic in women and children
 Amended 1947. Consolidated into 1949 Convention
 Amended 1947. Consolidated into 1949 Convention
 Incorporated into 1949 Convention
 Prevention of Prostitution: A study of measures adopted or under consideration particularly with regard to minors.
 Consolidated four earlier
(1) International Agreement of 18 May 1904 for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic,
(2) International Convention of 4 May 1910 for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic,
(3) International Convention of 30 September 1921 for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children,
(4) International Convention of 11 October 1933 for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age
But Article 6 provides for abolition of registration:
Each Party to the present Convention agrees to take all the necessary measures to repeal or abolish any existing law, regulation or administrative provision by virtue of which persons who engage in or are suspected of engaging in prostitution are subject either to special registration or to the possession of a special document or to any exceptional requirements for supervision or notification.
 Article 75 provides that persons who are in the power of a party to the conflict are to be treated humanely, while certain acts are prohibited, including “enforced prostitution”.
Article 6 provides that parties are to take “all appropriate measures, including legislation, to suppress all forms of traffic in women and exploitation of prostitution of women”.
Article 11(1) provides protection for women in employment, establishing:
(a) The right to work as an inalienable right of all human beings;
(c) The right to free choice of profession and employment, the right to promotion, job security and all benefits and conditions of service and the right to receive vocational training and retraining, including apprenticeships, advanced vocational training and recurrent training;
(f) The right to protection of health and to safety in working conditions, including the safeguarding of the function of reproduction.
 Article 34 provides that parties shall take all appropriate measures to prevent “the exploitative use of children in prostitution”.
 Article 7 includes “enforced prostitution” “when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population” as “crimes against humanity”.
 ASBO: Anti-Social Behaviour Order
 Hieronimus ad Fabiolam de veste sacerdotali. Vidua est cuius maritus est mortuus, eiecta que marito vivente proicitur, meretrix que multorum libidini patet. “A whore is available to the lust of many men”. This definition formed the basis of mediaeval law governing prostitution.
 386 A.D.
 See also